The risks of importing (and traveling with) pets

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We live on an island, and sometimes life on PEI can bring various ‘Alice in Wonderland’ quirks. This past week quite a few folks traveled to the island, and probably more travelers would have reached PEI, if not for the ‘predictably unpredictable’ November weather that resulted in flight delay and bridge closure. A number of travelers brought their pets with them during their visit to PEI (i.e. once the bridge opened), and it made me ponder (not for the 1st time), the infectious disease risks associated with animal importation. Although these risks are highest from imported animals lacking a known medical history (e.g. strays, rescue animals, etc.), particularly those who come from countries with known infectious disease, these risks are still present (albeit on a reduced scale) with any type of animal importation, including owned pets.

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A colleague of mine spends a good deal of time trying to eradicate the incursion of canine influenza into our fair country Canada- and he’s been remarkably successful at this ( However, every time I see an update on canine flu, I heave a deep sigh (hope someone buys that guy a beer!) and wish that the practise of importing higher-risk animals from other countries was something that either, a) didn’t happen, or b) if considered absolutely necessary, was thoughtfully considered (& vetted) prior to doing so. Since, these types of canine influenza outbreaks (or the risk of them occurring) seem largely avoidable with a bit of rational planning, i.e. imported (or adopted) dogs from countries with known flu (e.g. Asia, or portions of the U.S.A with known risk), should be isolated from other dogs for 28 days, until the risk of disease (and disease spread) has passed. 

Over the past number of years, I’ve done consults for or seen patients in Canada that are ill with diseases including leishmaniosis, coccidioidomycosis, hepatozoonosis and trypanosomiasis. These diseases may sound like the poem of the Jabberwocky, but they are in actuality infectious concerns that can affect dogs (and sometimes humans) from places outside of Canada. However, when dogs travel (with their humans) or are imported from other countries, these infectious concerns (just like with canine influenza) may ride along (or cross bridges) also.

As such, I’d gently suggest that any animal importation should be done with a degree of thoughtful consideration (i.e. risk assessment on a sliding scale), in order to minimize adverse impacts on the entire animal community (local, regional and national). Probably this is a tough ask, but as we approach the holiday season (and no…black Friday isn’t a holiday), perhaps it’s a request that’s in keeping with a sense of community, accountability and what is ‘looking a lot like Christmas’ in many parts of Canada?